Nanotechnology

fullerene

Nanotechnology is an interdisciplinary term, used to describe the creation, use and study of functional structures, sized below 100 nanometers.

With the help of advanced methods and specialized equipment, we have the ability to control and manipulate materials at the atomic or molecular level in order to produce materials with novel properties and functions due to size or shape and composition.

This class sizes down to nanoscale dimensions and corresponds to the 10 -9 meters

This means that 1nm = 10-9m = 1 billionth of a meter.

The prefix "nano" comes from the Greek language and means dwarf.

To match this size to everyday life, we mention the following examples:

  • The thickness of a human hair is between 50.000 - 80.000 nm.
  • Human nails grow at about 1 nm per second.
  • A grain of sand has a diameter of about 100.000 nm.

When a chemical element or substance, is found in a size of few nanometers, we can observe, in many cases, entirely new properties, different from those expected. To bring mater at these dimensions, it is either detached them from larger pieces, or it is synthesized by various methods from the beginning.

It is this diversity in properties of new materials (nanomaterials), that is the subject of study and it leads to the creation of new materials for specific applications.

The main areas where nanotechnology is used today, are: electronics, biotechnology (medicine - drugs - food - cosmetics, etc.) and materials.

In the area of electronics, we have, including other, the development of networks and computers with much larger capacity in data storage and speed.

The application of nanotechnology in biotechnology, has led, for example, to the development of a new generation of diagnostic tools and devices for the controlled release of drugs, while the application of nanotechnology in regenerative medicine promises a completely different approach to fighting disease.

New materials used in everyday life, such as metal, plastic, ceramic, glass, etc., evolve and new emerge, with improved properties such as hardness, elasticity, corrosion resistance, etc.

All fields are straddling and they owe their development in tools used for measuring and manipulating very small structures, and microscopes with nanoscale resolution.

In the field of coatings - pavers, in which our company mainly engages: M & F nano LTD Nanotechnology has contributed to the creation of materials, which combined with traditional materials and methods, give functional properties to the surfaces to which they are applied, such as:

  • Hydrophobicity - Oleo phobicity
  • hydrophilicity
  • Photocatalysis - self-cleaning
  • UV - IR protection from the sun
  • Reflective insulation
  • Conductance
  • Resistance to abrasion, etc.

    nanotubes_res

The use of these new materials, in addition to the properties it gives, has the advantage of maintaining intact the look and texture of the surface applied, or of the materials with which they combined.

The most important aspect of nanotechnology is that it evolves daily, as new properties are found in various materials and products.

This in general means that the product range of M & F nano Ltd. , enriches and evolves day by day.

 
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